About Delhi

Delhi IS also known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi is a metropolitan region in India that includes the national capital city, New Delhi. It is India's second-most-populous city With a population of 22 million in 2011, the city is the fourth-largest city in the world. It includes the neighboring cities of Baghpat, Gurgaon, Sonepat, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Greater Noida and other nearby towns, and has nearly 22.2 million residents.

The political administration of the NCT of Delhi today more closely resembles that of a state of India, with its own legislature, high court and an executive council of ministers headed by a Chief Minister. New Delhi is jointly administered by the federal government of India and the local government of Delhi, and is the capital of the NCT of Delhi.

Through most of its history, Delhi has served as a capital of various kingdoms and empires. It has been captured, sacked and rebuilt several times, particularly during the medieval period, and the modern Delhi is a cluster of a number of cities spread across the metropolitan region.

The people of Delhi are referred to as Dilliwallahs or Delhiites.

The Connaught Place is a large, circular commercial area in New Delhi, modelled after the Royal Crescent in England. Twelve separate roads lead out of the outer ring of Connaught Place, one of them being the Janpath.

Connaught Place in Delhi is an important economic hub of the National Capital Region

Delhi was laid out to the south of the Old City which was constructed by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. However, New Delhi overlies the site of seven ancient cities and hence includes many historic monuments like the Jantar Mantar, Humayun Tomb, Qila Rai Pithora and the Lodhi Gardens.

Walkway and garden around the Museum at Qila Rai Pithora, the first city of Delhi founded during 10th Century by Prithviraj Chauhan.

Lord Curzon and Lady Curzon arriving at the Delhi Durbar, 1903.

The Delhi Durbar of 1911, with King George V and Queen Mary seated upon the dais.

Calcutta now Kolkata was the capital of India during the British Raj until December 1911. However, Delhi had served as the political and financial centre of several empires of ancient India and the Delhi Sultanate, most notably of the Mughal Empire from 1649 to 1857. During the early 1900s, a proposal was made to the British administration to shift the capital of the British Indian Empire (as it was officially called) from Calcutta to Delhi. Unlike Calcutta, which was located on the eastern coast of India, Delhi was located in northern India and the Government of British India felt that it would be easier to administer India from Delhi rather than from Calcutta.

At 72.5 m (238 ft), A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the QutubMinar is the world's tallest free-standing brick minaret Built in 1193, the QutubMinar is part of the ancient capital of the Tughlaq dynasty. QutubMinar constructed with red sandstone and marble, and is the tallest minaret in India, with a height of 72.5 meters (237.8 ft), contains 379 stairs to reach the top, and the diameter of base is 14.3 meters where as the last store is of 2.7 meters.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Red fort is the location from which the Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on Independence Day.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Built in 1560, Humayun's Tomb is the first example of Mughal tomb complexes.

The Indira Gandhi International Airport is the busiest airport in South Asia . Shown here is Terminal 1D of the airport.

Indira Gandhi International Airport, situated to the southwest of Delhi, is the main gateway for the city's domestic and international civilian air traffic. It is one of the largest airports in the world and the busiest airports in South Asia.

The Delhi Transport Corporation operates the world's largest fleet of compressed natural gas buses, totaling 9,000.

CNG powered Auto rickshaw for common public transport and fleet of CNG powered

Railway

Delhi is a major junction in the Indian railway network and is the headquarters of the Northern Railway. The five main railway stations are New Delhi railway station, Old Delhi, Nizamuddin Railway Station, Anand Vihar Railway Terminal and SaraiRohilla. The Delhi Metro, a mass rapid transit system built and operated by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), serves many parts of Delhi and the neighbouring cities Gurgaon, Noida and Ghaziabad.

Traditional pottery on display in DilliHaat

The Laxminarayan Temple is a famous Hindu temple in New Delhi.

Gurudwara Bangla Sahib a Sikhgurdwara in New Delhi.

The Akshardham temple, third largest Hindu temple complex in the world. Hinduism is the predominant faith in Delhi.

Jama Masjid, India's largest mosque

The Sacred Heart Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral and designed by British architect Henry Medd based on Italian architecture.

The National Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest museums in India. New Delhi is home to several historic sites and museums. The National Museum which began with an exhibition of Indian art and artifacts at the Royal Academy in London in the winter of 1947–48 was later at the end was shown at the RashtrapatiBhawan in 1949. Later it was to form a permanent National Museum.

The India Gate built in 1931 is the national monument of India. The India Gate built in 1931 was inspired by the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. It is the national monument of India commemorating the 90,000 soldiers of the Indian Army who lost their lives while fighting for the British Raj in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War.

The 'Martyr's Column' at the GandhiSmriti, the spot whereMahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi on 1948.Gandhi Smriti in New Delhi is the location where Mahatma Gandhi spent the last 144 days of his life and was assassinated on 30 January 1948. Rajghat is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated on 31 January 1948 after his assassination and his ashes were buried and make it a final resting place beside the sanctity of the Yamuna River. The Raj Ghat in the shape of large square platform with black marble.

Lotus Temple , is a Bahai House of Worship completed in 1986. Notable for its flower like shape, it serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent and has become a prominent attraction in the city. The Lotus Temple has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles.

Chandni Chowk , a 17th-century market, is one of the most popular shopping areas in Delhi for jewellery and Zari saris. Delhi's arts and crafts include, Zardozi – an embroidery done with gold thread – and Meenakari – the art of enamelling.

The Auto Expo is held biennially at Pragati Maidan and showcases the technological prowess of the Indian automobile industry.

The Pragati Maidan in Delhi hosts the World Book Fair annually.